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漆匜
【时代】西汉
【藏品描述】:

西汉
1972年湖南省长沙市马王堆一号汉墓出土  
长28厘米,宽23厘米
    盥洗器。斫木胎,外底朱书“轪侯家”三字,并隐约可见烙印戳记“成市草”,表明该匜造于汉代著名漆器生产中心蜀郡成都。匜壁画有四只翩翩起舞的凤鸟,勾勒简洁、曲线流畅,画面清晰利落,情趣盎然。造型单纯自然,很像水瓢。古人在举行重要礼仪活动时或饭前饭后都要洗手。漆匜为浇水器,漆盘为接水器。先秦和秦汉墓葬都有盘、匜成套出土现象,这说明至少在汉初仍沿用先秦沃盥之礼。这种盥洗器是古代贵族专门用来洗手的用具,在洗手时由一长一少奴仆服侍,长者持漆匜自上而下浇水,少者捧盘在下承接。

(撰稿:于兵)

【收藏地】湖南省博物馆
【博物馆网址】:http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/collection-info/collection-info!frontCollectionDetail.action?id=1ab0d0306264414faac11b432339d63a
【描述关键词或出土地】 马王堆汉墓
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