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“君幸酒”云纹小漆卮
【时代】西汉
【藏品描述】:

西汉

直径13.4厘米,高13.5厘米
  盛酒器。器表黑漆;器内红漆;盖中部和器身中部朱绘漩涡纹和云纹;盖边缘和器身口,底缘绘菱纹及几何纹。器内黑漆书“君幸酒”,外底部红漆书“七升”计量单位。与马王堆三号汉墓遣策对照,可知名为“七升卮[zhī]”。

  中国古代漆器木胎制造工艺,历史非常悠久。战国时期,由于制木胎工具的改进,出现了卷制胎新工艺,至汉代更加流行,“七升卮”就是用此方法制作而成。卷制胎是先用薄木板卷成筒形,其衔接处很薄,用漆液黏合后,用木钉钉接,再在接缝处安上一个把手,使之牢固,底部用厚木斫[zhuó]斩后再黏合而成。因此这一制作工艺既需精细锋利的刀具,又需高超的技术配合才能制作出轻巧精美的器物。

(撰稿:王卉)

【收藏地】湖南省博物馆
【博物馆网址】:http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/collection-info/collection-info!frontCollectionDetail.action?id=20241637e887426b980e3263253a0089
【描述关键词或出土地】 马王堆汉墓
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