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龙虎纹青铜尊
【时代】
【藏品描述】:

  商 淮夷
  盛酒器
  1957年安徽阜南月儿河出土
  高50.5厘米,口径44.9厘米,足径24厘米, 重26.2千克
  器口侈大,直径过肩,颈部较高,下部收缩,呈大喇叭状。肩部微鼓,下折为腹,呈弧形收敛作圜底,圈足,上饰十字镂空。器肩部饰三条曲身龙纹,圆雕龙首,探出肩外,活灵活现;腹部以云雷纹为地,装饰三组虎食人纹,寓意诡秘;圈足饰饕餮纹。整器工艺精湛,花纹线条洗练,是商代青铜器中的精品。
  龙虎纹青铜尊腹部的虎食人纹以浮雕虎首为中心,左右双身,口含一人。人无衣冠,身饰花纹。采用这一构图意在从正面表现猛虎的完整形象,但正面又无法体现虎的雄伟身躯,于是便采取轴对称的布局使虎身向两侧伸展,商代饕餮纹也是运用此种构图。此外,在河南安阳殷墟妇好墓出土的青铜钺上、“后母戊”青铜方鼎耳外侧及山西浑源李峪村出土的春秋晚期鸟兽龙纹壶腹部,均有类似的虎食人像。今藏于日本泉屋博古馆的虎食人青铜卣,整器为猛虎食人的立体形象,更为逼真。在商代玉器上也见虎食人像。东汉王充《论衡·订鬼篇》引《山海经》佚文,记有虎噬鬼魅之说。此种虎食人像或许是取于此意,借以震慑邪祟。
  今安徽阜南地区在商代是淮夷部族的聚居地,此地出土青铜器的形制、纹饰明显受到中原商文化的影响,龙虎纹青铜尊即是其中较为典型的一例。(撰文:于成龙)

【收藏地】中国国家博物馆
【博物馆网址】:http://www.chnmuseum.cn/tabid/212/Default.aspx?AntiqueLanguageID=1192
【百度百科网址】: http://baike.baidu.com/link?url=Oe0-KwGZXZTjbQKb97KVtNzTqw7mXb9yoWBiyIPmujK3ClUQ...

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    品类: 酒器

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