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追加者:kakacat   追加时间:2020/1/18   阅读数:298



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错金银云纹青铜犀尊
【时代】秦汉
【藏品描述】:

生活用品
高34.1厘米、长58.1厘米
中国古代做成动物形的酒尊不乏其例,如商时期铜器中的牛尊、象尊、豕尊等,周代铜器中的驹尊、兔尊、鸭尊等。到了汉代,肖形尊虽已不太流行,但仍为人们所钟爱。这件铜尊采用犀牛的造型,犀牛昂首伫立,肌肉发达,比例准确,体态雄健,为古代生息在中国的苏门犀的形象。
此尊呈犀牛形,犀牛昂首伫立,身体肥硕,四腿短粗,皮厚而多皱,两角尖锐,双眼镶嵌黑色料珠。尊腹中空,用来盛酒。尊背有椭圆形口,口上有盖。犀牛口右侧有一圆管状的“流”。通体饰细如游丝的错金银云纹,熠熠生辉,华美无比。
在古代,中国不仅产犀牛,而且数量很多。新石器时代遗址中曾多次发现犀牛骨,殷商甲骨文中有焚林猎犀的记载,春秋战国时期用犀牛皮做成的犀甲是武士艳羡的装备。由于大范围的捕杀,犀牛这种生殖率低的野生动物在北方迅速减少,在关中一带最迟到西汉晚期已经绝迹,以至王莽辅政时,曾用贵重的礼物换取南海黄支国的活犀牛。
整件器物饰以错金银云纹,精美华丽,虽为实用重器,却又洋溢着充沛的活力,堪称汉代青铜器中的精品。

【收藏地】中国国家博物馆
【博物馆网址】:http://www.chnmuseum.cn/zp/zpml/201812/t20181218_25659.shtml
【百度百科网址】: https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E8%A5%BF%E6%B1%89%E9%94%99%E9%87%91%E9%93%B6%E4%BA...
【相关文献】(反映研究该文物的文献)
 [1]  王永红:犀牛的绝唱
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